Erasmus Plus is the European Union's program for Education, Training, Youth and Sports 2014-2020
The program, approved by the EU Regulation No 1288/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council, combines and integrates all funding mechanisms implemented by the European Union until 2013:
• The Lifelong Learning Programme (Comenius, Erasmus, Leonardo da Vinci, Grundtvig) Youth in Action
• the five international cooperation programs (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, Edulink and the bilateral cooperation program with industrialized countries) Includes inoltrele Jean Monnet activities and includes for the first time support for Sport
The integrated program allows you to get an overview of the grant opportunities available, it aims to facilitate access and promote synergies between different areas by removing the barriers between the various types of projects; also, he wants to attract new actors from the labor and civil society and stimulate new forms of cooperation.
Erasmus + is part of a socio-economic context that sees, on the one hand, almost 6 million unemployed young people in Europe, with levels in some countries more than 50%. At the same time there are over 2 million job vacancies and a third of employers noted difficulties in recruiting staff with the required qualifications. This demonstrates the existence of important skills gap in Europe. Erasmus + is designed to give concrete answers to these problems, through opportunities for study, training, work experience or volunteering abroad. The quality and relevance of organizations and European education, training and support to young people will be enhanced by supporting the improvement of the methods of teaching and learning, new programs and professional development of teachers and youth leaders, and through enhanced cooperation between education and training and the world of work to address the real needs in terms of human capital development and social, in Europe and elsewhere.
The budget of 14.7 billion euro for the period 2014-2020 represents an increase of 40% compared to the previous programming. Additional funding to mobility in higher education and for the capacity building with the involvement of third countries.
In 2015 Erasmus + has a total of 1 billion and 736 million euro for funding to promote opportunities for:
• students, trainees, teachers and other educational staff, exchanges of young people, youth workers and volunteers.
• create or improve partnerships between institutions and organizations in the fields of education, training and youth and the world of work
• support dialogue and find a series of concrete information needed to bring about reform of education, training and youth welfare
For the first time the program provides funding not only to universities and training institutions, but also to innovative partnerships, so-called "Knowledge Alliances 'and' Sector Skills Alliances", which will provide synergies between the worlds of education and the work allowing higher education institutions, trainers and businesses to stimulate innovation and entrepreneurship and to develop new programs and qualifications to fill the gaps in skills.